St Martha on the Hill|
"ST. MARTHA-ON-THE-HILL, (or Martyr-hill), a parish in the first division of the hundred of Blackheath, county Surrey, 2½ miles S.E. of Guildford, its post town. At the village of Chilworth in this parish is a station on the Reading branch of the South-Eastern railway. At the time of the Domesday Survey it belonged to the Bishop of Bayeux, and was annexed to his manor of Bramley. The present proprietors are Lord Lovaine and Sir H. Austin, Bart. The village of Chilworth consists of about a dozen houses; but there are two paper mills, and a gunpowder-mill on a branch of the river Wye.
The living is a donative curacy, value £25, and is exempt from any ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The church of St. Martha occupies a bleak situation on the summit of a hill. It was formerly an extensive cruciform structure, constructed of a rude composition of flints and unwrought stones, cemented with Roman mortar, but the nave is now in ruins. At Tyling are the remains of a religious house.
"CHILWORTH, a hamlet and chapelry in the parish of St. Martha-on-the-Hill, in the first division of the hundred of Blackheath, in the county of Surrey, 2½ miles S.E. of Guildford, its post town. It is a railway station on the London and South-Western line, and is situated a little to the N. of the river Wey. It was formerly considered extra-parochial and extra-judicial.
The living is a donative curacy in the diocese of Winchester, value £25, in the patronage of Lord Lovaine. The church, dedicated to St. Martha, is a flint structure. Here are both gunpowder and paper mills."